Syn Bio Bibliography

Aldrich, S., Newcomb, J., & Carlson, R. (2008). Scenarios for the future of synthetic biology. Industrial Biotechnology, 4(1), 39-49.

Allenby, B. R., & Sarewitz, D. (2011). The techno-human condition. MIT Press.

Anderson, A. A., Delborne, J., & Kleinman, D. L. (2013). Information beyond the forum: Motivations, strategies, and impacts of citizen participants seeking information during a consensus conference. Public Understanding of Science, 22(8), 955–970. doi:10.1177/0963662512447173

Andrew W. Torrance & Linda J. Kahl (2014) Bringing Standards to Life: Synthetic Biology Standards and Intellectual Property, Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal, 30(2): 199-230, available at

Balmer, A. S., & Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (2013). Bacterial cultures: ontologies of bacteria and engineering expertise at the nexus of synthetic biology and water services. Engineering Studies, 5(1), 59-73.

Bedau, M. A. (2013). Weak emergence drives the science, epistemology, and metaphysics of synthetic biology. Biological Theory, 8(4), 334-345.

Benner, S. A., & Sismour, A. M. (2005). Synthetic biology. Nature Reviews Genetics, 6(7), 533-543.

Bennett, G., Gilman, N., Stavrianakis, A., & Rabinow, P. (2009). From synthetic biology to biohacking: are we prepared? Nature Biotechnology, 27(12), 1109-1111.

Brent, R. (2004). A partnership between biology and engineering. Nature biotechnology, 22(10), 1211-1214.

Bulpin, K., & Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (2013). The disciplining of scientific communities. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 38(2), 91-105.

Calvert, J. & Frow, E. (2013). Social Dimensions of Microbial Synthetic Biology. In Colin Harwood and Anil Wipat, editors: Methods in Microbiology, Vol. 40: Microbial Synthetic Biology (pp. 69-86). Burlington: Academic Press.

Calvert, J. (2012). Ownership and sharing in synthetic biology: A ‘diverse ecology’of the open and the proprietary? BioSocieties, 7(2), 169-187.

Calvert, J. (2013) Collaboration as a research method? Navigating social scientific involvement in synthetic biology. In Doorn, N., Schuurbiers, D., van de Poel I. and Gorman, M. (eds.) Opening up the Laboratory: Approaches to early engagement with new technology (pp.175-194). Dordrecht: Springer.

Calvert, J., & Joly, P.B. (2011). “How did the gene become a chemical compound? The ontology of the gene and the patent of DNA”. Social Science Information, 50 (2), 1-21.

Campos, L. (2010). That was the synthetic biology that was. In Synthetic Biology: The Technoscience and Its Societal Consequences, Markus Schmidt et al., eds., (pp. 5-21). Springer Netherlands.

Campos, L. (2012). The biobrick™ road. BioSocieties, 7(2), 115-139.

Campos, L. (2013). Outsiders and in-laws: Drew Endy and the case of synthetic biology. Outsiders scientists: routes to innovation in biology, 331-348.

Campos, L. (2013). Un Siècle de Biologie de Synthèse, Revue Médecine/Sciences Juin 2013 (Numéro Spécial GENOPOLE, hors série no. 2): 16-21, débat 22-24.

Carlson, R. (2013). From national security to natural security. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 11 Dec 2013.

Carlson, R. Causes and Consequences of Bioeconomic Proliferation: Implications for US Physical and Economic Security. Prepared for the Science & Technology Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security, BNA, 12-03.

Carlson, R. H. (2010). Biology is technology: the promise, peril, and new business of engineering life (Vol. 2010). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Carter S. R., Rodemeyer M., Garfinkel M.S., and Friedman R.M. (2014) Synthetic Biology and the U.S. Biotechnology Regulatory System: Challenges and Options.

Caulfield T., Chandrasekharan S., Joly Y., & Cook-Deegan R. (2013). Harm, hype and evidence: ELSI research and policy guidance. Genome Medicine, 5(21). PMC3707044.

Church, GM & Regis E. Regenesis: How Synthetic Biology Will Reinvent Nature and Ourselves (Basic Books, 2012).

Cook-Deegan R., & Heaney C. (2010). Patents in Genomics and Human Genetics. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics, 11(17), 1-43.  PMC2935940.

Dana, G. V., Kuiken, T., Rejeski, D., & Snow, A. A. (2012). Synthetic biology: Four steps to avoid a synthetic-biology disaster. Nature, 483(7387), 29-29.

Davidson E.M., Frothingham R., & Cook-Deegan R. (2007). Science and Security: Practical Experiences in Dual-Use Review. Science 316, 1432-1433.

Delborne, J. A., Anderson, A. A., Kleinman, D. L., Colin, M., & Powell, M. (2011). Virtual Deliberation? Prospects and Challenges for Integrating the Internet in Consensus Conferences. Public Understanding of Science, 20(3), 367–84. doi:10.1177/0963662509347138

Delborne, J., Schneider, J., Bal, R., Cozzens, S., & Worthington, R. (2013). Policy pathways, policy networks, and citizen deliberation: Disseminating the results of World Wide Views on Global Warming in the USA. Science and Public Policy, 40(3), 378–392. doi:10.1093/scipol/scs124

Delgado, A. & Porcar, M. (2013). In the beginning was design: Foundational controversies in synthetic biology. Journal of Systems and Synthetic Biology, 7(1-2), 41-50.

Delgado, A. (2013). DIYbio: making things and making futures. Special Issue on Synthetic Biology. Futures, the Journal of Policy, Planning and Future Studies 48, 65-73.

Delgado, A. and Strand, R. (2013).  Reflexive Systems Biology, Towards an Appreciation of Biological, Scientific and Ethical Complexity: On integrated ELSA methods. Report to the Research Council of Norway.

Delgado, A., Funtowicz, S. & Dankel, D.J. (2012). "Super-computers, evolution and the fabrication of life: How can Science and Technology Studies (STS) contribute to more reflexive developments in systems and synthetic biology?" International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, 3(2), 12-24.

Delgado, A., Strand, R., Funtowicz, S., & Dankel, D. (2013). Plug and play: synthetic biology and the dream of engineering biology. Editorial: Special Issue on Synthetic Biology. Futures, the Journal of Policy, Planning and Future Studies 48, 1-4.

Ellis, T., Wang, X., & Collins, J. J. (2009). Diversity-based, model-guided construction of synthetic gene networks with predicted functions. Nature biotechnology, 27(5), 465-471.

Endy, D. (2005). Foundations for engineering biology. Nature, 438(7067), 449-453.

Endy, D. (2005). Foundations for engineering biology. Nature, 438(7067), 449-453.

FBI News. (2014, April 8). Ed You, Supervisory Special Agent, FBI. Retrieved from /

Foley, R. W., & Wiek, A. (2013). Patterns of nanotechnology innovation and governance within a metropolitan area. Technology in Society, 35(4), 233-247.

Foley, R. W., & Wiek, A. (2014, under review). Scenarios of nanotechnology innovation and governance vis-à-vis sustainability challenges. Futures.

Frow, E. & Calvert, J. (2013). Can simple biological systems be built from standardized interchangeable parts? Negotiating biology and engineering in a synthetic biology competition, Engineering Studies 5(1), 42-58.

Gibson, D. G., Glass, J. I., Lartigue, C., Noskov, V. N., Chuang, R. Y., Algire, M. A., ... & Venter, J. C. (2010). Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. science, 329(5987), 52-56.

Gilna, B., Kuzma, J., & Otts, S. S. (2014). Governance of genetic biocontrol technologies for invasive fish. Biological Invasions, 16(6), 1299-1312.

Ginsberg, D., Calvert, J., Schyfter, P., Elfick, A. and Endy, D. (2014). Synthetic Aesthetics: Investigating Synthetic Biology’s Designs on Nature Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gronvall, G.K. (2013). H5N1: a case study for dual-use research. New York: Council on Foreign Relationships.

Gronvall, G.K. (2014). National-Level Biosafety Norms Needed for Dual-Use Research in the Life Sciences. Frontiers in Public Health 2:84.

Gronvall, G.K., Morhard, R., Rambhia, K., Cicero, A., & Inglesby, T. (2012). The Industrialization of Biology and Its Impact on National Security. Center for Biosecurity of UPMC, June 8, 2012.

Grushkin, D., Kuiken, T., & Millet, P. Seven Myths and Realities about Do-It-Yourself Biology. Woodrow Wilson Center. Available at:

Guido, N. J., Wang, X., Adalsteinsson, D., McMillen, D., Hasty, J., Cantor, C. R., ... & Collins, J. J. (2006). A bottom-up approach to gene regulation. Nature, 439(7078), 856-860.

Hays, S. A., Miller, C. A., & Cobb, M. D. (2013). Public attitudes towards nanotechnology-enabled cognitive enhancement in the United States. In Nanotechnology, the Brain, and the Future (pp. 43-65). Springer Netherlands.

Hays, S., Robert, J. S., Miller, C. A., & Bennett, I. (2013). Nanotechnology, the Brain, and the Future. Springer.

Hurlbut, J.B., (forthcoming). “Remembering the Future: Science, Law and the Legacy of Asilomar” in ed. Jasanoff, S. and Kim, S. Dreamscapes of Modernity: Sociotechnical Imaginaries and the Fabrication of Power, University of Chicago Press.

Intagliata, C. (2013, November 8). Biosecurity for the Age of Redesigned Life. Retrieved from

Jefferson, C., Lentzos, F., & Marris, C. (2014). Synthetic Biology and Biosecurity: How scared should we be. London: King’s College London.

Joly, P. B. (2015). 8 Governing emerging technologies?. Science and Democracy: Making Knowledge and Making Power in the Biosciences and Beyond, 133.

Kaebnick, G. (2013). Engineered Microbes in Industry and Science: A New Human Relationship to Nature? from Synthetic Biology and Morality: Artificial Life and the Bounds of Nature, Kaebnick and Murray eds. MIT Press.

Kahl, L. J. (2015). Soft Law in the Governance of Synthetic Biology, In Biotechnology and the Law, American Bar Association, in press.

Kahl, L. J., & Endy, D. (2013). A survey of enabling technologies in synthetic biology. Journal of biological engineering, 7(1), 1-19.

Keasling, J.D. et al. (2014). Synthetic biology: A global approach. Nature 510, 218. doi:10.1038/510218c (

Khushf, G. (2009). Open Evolution and Human Agency: The Pragmatics of Upstream Ethics in the Design of Artificial Life. The Ethics of Protocells: Moral and Social Implications of Creating Life in the Laboratory, 223.

Kleinman, D. L., Delborne, J. A., & Anderson, A. A. (2011). Engaging citizens: The high cost of citizen participation in high technology. Public Understanding of Science, 20(2), 221 –240. doi:10.1177/0963662509347137

König, H., Frank, D., & Heil, R. (2014). Science, technology and the state: implications for governance of synthetic biology and emerging technologies. In Technology Assessment and Policy Areas of Great Transitions.

König, H., Frank, D., Heil, R., & Coenen, C. (2013). Synthetic Genomics and Synthetic Biology Applications Between Hopes and Concerns. Current Genomics 14, 11-24.

Kuiken, T. (2013). DIYbio: Low Risk, High Potential. The Scientist.

Kuiken, T., Dana, G., Oye, K.A. & Rejeski, D. (2014). Shaping Ecological Risk Research for Synthetic Biology. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 4(1).

Kuzhabekova, A., & Kuzma, J. (2014). Mapping the emerging field of genome editing. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 26(3), 321-352.

Kuzma, J. & T. Tanji, T. (2010). Unpacking Synthetic Biology for Oversight Policy. Regulation & Governance 4, 92-112.

Kuzma, J. (2014). Properly Paced or Problematic?:  Examining Governance of GMOs. In Innovative Governance Models for Emerging Technologies (Eds.) Marchant, G., Abbott, K. & Allenby, B. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Kuzma, J., & Kokotovich, A. (2011). Renegotiating GM Crop Regulation. EMBO Reports 12, 883 – 888.

Lee, S., Geller, J.T., Torok, T., Wu, C.H., Singer, M., Reid, F.C., Tarjan, D.R., Hazen, T.C., Arkin, A.P. & Hillson, N.J. (2014, revisions submitted). Characterization of Wastewater Treatment Plant Microbial Communities and the Effects of Carbon Sources on Diversity in Laboratory Models. PLOS ONE.

Mandel, G. N., Marchant, J. D., & Gary, E. (2014). The Living Regulatory Challenges of Synthetic Biology. Iowa Law Review, 100.

Marchant, G. E. & Cardineau, G. A. (2013). The Labeling Debate in the United States. In 4 GM Crops And Food, 4(3), 126-134.

Marchant, G. E., Allenby, B. R., & Herkert, J. R. (Eds.). (2011). The growing gap between emerging technologies and legal-ethical oversight: The pacing problem (Vol. 7). Springer.

Marchant, G., Meyer, A., & Scanlon, M. (2010). Integrating social and ethical concerns into regulatory decision-making for emerging technologies. Minn. JL Sci. & Tech., 11, 345.

Marchant, G.E., Abbott, K. W. & Allenby, B. (Eds.). (2013). Innovative Governance Models For Emerging Technologies.  Cheltenham,Uk: Edward Elgar.

Marris, C. (2007). Synthetic biology’s malaria promises could backfire. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(6), 198.

Marris, C., & Jefferson, C. (2013). Scoping report for workshop: Synthetic Biology: Containment and release of engineered micro-organisms. King’s College London, April 2013.

Marris, C., & Rose, N. (2012). Let's get real on synthetic biology. New Scientist, 214(2868), 28-29.

Marris, C., Joly, P.B., & Rip A. (2008). "Interactive Technology Assessment in the Real World: dual dynamics in an iTA exercise on genetically modified vines." Science,Technology and Human Values 33(1), 77-100.

Mathews D., Cook-Deegan R., & Bubela T. (2013). Patents and misplaced angst: Lessons for translational stem cell research from genomics. Cell Stem Cell, 12(5), 508-512. PMC3776312.

Meyer, M. & Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (2009). ‘Tales of Emergence - Synthetic Biology as a Scientific Community in the Making’ in BioSocieties, Vol. 4, No. 2-3, pp. 129-145.

Meyer, M. & Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (in press) “Placing a new science: exploring spatial and temporal configurations of synthetic biology” in Merz, M. and P. Sormani (eds.) Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook, Springer.

Meyer, M. (2013). Assembling, Governing, and Debating an Emerging Science: The Rise of Synthetic Biology in France. BioScience, 63(5), 373-379.

Meyer, M. (2013). Domesticating and democratizing science: a geography of do-it-yourself biology. Journal of Material Culture, 18(2), 117-134.

Meyer, M. (forthcoming) “Steve Jobs, terrorists, gentlemen and punks: tracing strange comparisons of biohackers” in J. Deville, M. Guggenheim, Z. Hrdlickova (eds.) Practising Comparison: Revitalising the Comparative Act, London: Mattering Press.

Miller, C. (2014, May). The ethics of energy transitions. In Ethics in Science, Technology and Engineering, 2014 IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 1-5). IEEE.

Miller, C. A., & Richter, J. (2014). Social Planning for Energy Transitions. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 1(3), 77-84.

MIT Center for International Studies and Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. (2014). Creating a Research Agenda for the Ecological Implications of Synthetic Biology. Available at:

Moe-Behrens, G. H., Davis, R., & Haynes, K. A. (2013). Preparing synthetic biology for the world. Frontiers in microbiology, 4.

Molyneux-Hodgson, S., & Balmer, A. S. (2013). Synthetic biology, water industry and the performance of an innovation barrier. Science and Public Policy, sct074.

Molyneux-Hodgson, S., & Meyer, M. (2009). Tales of emergence—synthetic biology as a scientific community in the making. BioSocieties, 4(2), 129-145.

Nulle, C., Miller, C. A., Porter, A., & Gandhi, H. S. (2013). Applications of Nanotechnology to the Brain and Central Nervous System. In Nanotechnology, the Brain, and the Future (pp. 21-41). Springer Netherlands.

O'Malley, M., Powell, A., Davies, J. F., & Calvert, J. (2008). Knowledge‐making distinctions in synthetic biology. BioEssays, 30(1), 57-65.

Oye, K. A., Esvelt, K., Appleton, E., Catteruccia, F., Church, G., Kuiken, T., ... & Collins, J. P. (2014). Regulating gene drives. Science, 345(6197), 626-628.

Pei, L., Gaisser, S., & Schmidt, M. (2011). Synthetic biology in the view of European public funding organisations. Public Understanding of Science, 0963662510393624.

Pei, L., Schmidt, M., & Wei, W. (2011). Synthetic biology: an emerging research field in China. Biotechnology advances, 29(6), 804-814.

Rabinow, P., & Bennett, G. (2012). Designing human practices: An experiment with synthetic biology. University of Chicago Press.

Rai, A., & Boyle, J. (2007). Synthetic biology: caught between property rights, the public domain, and the commons. PLoS biology, 5(3), e58.

Raimbault, B., Cointet, J.P., & Joly, P.B. (2014). "On the emergence of techno-scientific fields. The case of SynBio" (forthcoming)

Redford, K., Adams, W., Carlson, R., Mace, G.M., and Ceccarelli, B. (2014). Synthetic biology and the conservation of biodiversity, Oryx, 48 (03): 330-336.

Schmidt, M., & Pei, L. (2011). Synthetic toxicology: where engineering meets biology and toxicology. Toxicological Sciences, 120(suppl 1), S204-S224.

Schmidt, M., Kelle, A., Ganguli-Mitra, A., & de Vriend, H. (Eds.). (2009). Synthetic biology: the technoscience and its societal consequences. Springer Science & Business Media.

Schneider, J., & Delborne, J. (2012). Seeking the Spotlight: World Wide Views and the U.S. Media Context. In M. Rask, R. Worthington, & M. Lammi (Eds.), Citizen Participation in Global Environmental Governance (pp. 241–60). London: Earthscan Publications. Retrieved from

Seyfried G, Pei L, Schmidt M. 2014. European Do-it-yourself (DIY) Biology: beyond the hope, hype and horror. BioEssays 36.

Seyfried, G., Pei, L., & Schmidt, M. (2014). European do‐it‐yourself (DIY) biology: Beyond the hope, hype and horror. Bioessays, 36(6), 548-551.

Stavrianakis, A., & Bennett, G. (2014). Science & fabrications: On synthetic biology. BioSocieties, 9(2), 219-223.

Synberc (2013) Remarks to the National Academy of Sciences Synthetic Biology Forum (

Vogel, K. M. (2008). Framing biosecurity: An alternative to the biotech revolution model?. Science and Public Policy, 35(1), 45-54.

Vogel, K. M. (2012). Phantom menace or looming danger?: a new framework for assessing bioweapons threats. JHU Press.

Wiechers I. R., Perin N.C., Cook-Deegan R. (2013).  The Emergence of Commercial Genomics:  Analysis of the Rise of a Biotechnology Subsector during the Human Genome Project, 1990-2004. Genome Medicine, 5(9), 83. Published online 20 Sep 2013.

Wiek, A., Foley, R. W., & Guston, D. H. (2012). Nanotechnology for sustainability: what does nanotechnology offer to address complex sustainability problems?. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 14(9), 1-20.

Wiek, A., Foley, R. W., Guston, D. H., Bernstein, M. (2014, under review). Broken promises and breaking ground for responsible innovation – Intervention research to transform business-as-usual in nanotechnology innovation. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering.

Wiek, A., Guston, D., Frow, E., & Calvert, J. (2012). Sustainability and anticipatory governance in synthetic biology. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development (IJSESD), 3(2), 25-38.

Wray, B. (2014). Will Synthetic Biology Evolve Into the Next Hot Field? Entrepreneur Magazine.

Wu, M., Su, R. Q., Li, X., Ellis, T., Lai, Y. C., & Wang, X. (2013). Engineering of regulated stochastic cell fate determination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(26), 10610-10615.

Zhang, J., Marris, C., Rose, N. (2011). “The Transnational Governance of Synthetic Biology: scientific uncertainty, cross-borderness and the ‘art’ of governance.” Working Paper prepared for the Royal Society Science Policy Centre. ISSN 1759-0620.

Collage Photo Credits

Top Row, left to right

Bottom Row, left to right

  • Frankenstein’s Monster (Boris Karloff), 1934, Public Domain, Wikipedia, (cropped)
  • Communities of Integration, 2013, CNS photo
  • Multipart BioBrick, Registry of Standard Biological Parts,
  • Artemisia annua, 2003, Scott Bauer, USDA Agricultural Research Service (cropped & changed to B & W)
  • A/CA/4/09 Swine Flu Virus, 2009, Public Domain, CDC/C. S. Goldsmith and A. Balish
  • CNS Board of Visitors Meeting, 2013, CNS photo